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American Phenomenology
  • Language: nl
  • Pages: 447

American Phenomenology

THEODORE KISIEL Date of birth: October 30,1930. Place of birth: Brackenridge, Pennsylvania. Date of institution of highest degree: PhD. , Duquesne University, 1962. Academic appointments: University of Dayton; Canisius College; Northwestern University; Duquesne University; Northern Illinois University. I first left the university to pursue a career in metallurgical research and nuclear technology. But I soon found myself drawn back to the uni versity to 'round out' an overly specialized education. It was along this path that I was 'waylaid' into philosophy by teachers like H. L. Van Breda and Bernard Boelen. The philosophy department at Duquesne University was then (1958-1962) a veritable "l...

All the Power in the World
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 670

All the Power in the World

This bold and original work of philosophy presents an exciting new picture of concrete reality. Peter Unger provocatively breaks with what he terms the conservatism of present-day philosophy, and returns to central themes from Descartes, Locke, Berkeley, Hume and Russell. Wiping the slate clean, Unger works, from the ground up, to formulate a new metaphysic capable of accommodating our distinctly human perspective. He proposes a world with inherently powerful particulars of two basic sorts: one mental but not physical, the other physical but not mental. Whether of one sort or the other, each individual possesses powers for determining his or her own course, as well as powers for interaction ...

Augustine's Confessions
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 252

Augustine's Confessions

Unique in all of literature, the Confessions combines frank and profound psychological insight into Augustine's formative years along with sophisticated and beguiling reflections on some of the most important issues in philosophy and theology. The essays contained in this volume, by some of the most distinguished recent and contemporary thinkers in the field, insightfully explore Augustinian themes not only with an eye to historical accuracy but also to gauge the philosophical acumen of Augustine's reflections.

Systems of Formal Logic
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 372

Systems of Formal Logic

The present work constitutes an effort to approach the subject of symbol ic logic at the elementary to intermediate level in a novel way. The book is a study of a number of systems, their methods, their rela tions, their differences. In pursuit of this goal, a chapter explaining basic concepts of modern logic together with the truth-table techniques of definition and proof is first set out. In Chapter 2 a kind of ur-Iogic is built up and deductions are made on the basis of its axioms and rules. This axiom system, resembling a propositional system of Hilbert and Ber nays, is called P +, since it is a positive logic, i. e. , a logic devoid of nega tion. This system serves as a basis upon which...

Les méthodes de travail de Gersonide et le maniement du savoir chez les scolastiques
  • Language: fr
  • Pages: 394

Les méthodes de travail de Gersonide et le maniement du savoir chez les scolastiques

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2003
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  • Publisher: Vrin

Les oeuvres de Gersonide (Levi b. Gershom ou Gerson, Leon de Bagnols, philosophe juif provencal 1288-1344) portent essentiellement sur quatre domaines: les commentaires qu'il a consacres aux commentaires d'Averroes, les questions philosophiques et theologico-philosophiques (livres I a IV, VI des Guerres du Seigneur), les commentaires biblioques et des travaux astronomiques (dont le livre V des Guerres). Dans les trois premiers domaines, la maniere dont il a travaille, l'ordonnancement des idees et leur mise en oeuvre sont ici compares a ceux qui furent utilises par ses contemporains scolastiques. Alors que son activite astronomique a amene Gersonide a la frequentation des savants de la cour du Pape a Avignon, il ne cite, dans les oeuvres etudiees, aucun auteur ni aucun texte latin. La maniere dont Gersonide fait de la philosophie, sa methode d'etude et de resolution des problemes, sa conception de l'exegese biblioque comme science et les procedes adoptes dans les commentaires bibliques le rapprochent cependant du monde latin intellectuel de son temps. Ce sont ces ressemblances, mais aussi les dissemblances, qui sont discutees ici.

Encountering the Secular
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 181

Encountering the Secular

The author challenges the breach between the secular and the religious, rendering that breach ambiguous. Such ambiguity, the author affirms, is relevant to a time when rigid and simplistic notions of religion and secularity are used to justify thoughtlessness and even violence. All too often the secular is thought of either as a triumph in "overcoming" the presumed irrationality and oppression of religion, or as lament in "losing" the meaning religion is thought once to have offered. Atchley suggests a view of the secular as an opportunity to experience an immanent value that is neither controlled by the human self nor conferred by a divine entity.

Ironie et solidarité
  • Language: fr
  • Pages: 186

Ironie et solidarité

En publiant L'Homme spéculaire (1990), Richard Rorty a provoqué une fracture fondamentale dans la philosophie. Deux thèmes s'entremêlent ici pour présenter ce pragmatiste de renommée mondiale (il a été traduit en plus de 25 langues): celui de l'autocréation de l'individu par la pratique de l'ironie philosophique envers la connaissance de tout ce qui peut nous définir, et celui de la manière dont l'individu contribue au façonnage de la société en coopérant à des actions convergentes: la solidarité.

Birth, Suffering, and Death
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 236

Birth, Suffering, and Death

For centuries the Roman Catholic Church has been concerned with the moral implications of medical practice. Indeed, until two decades ago, Catholic moral theologians were the major source of moral guidance, scholarly reflection and teaching on a variety of medical-moral topics, particularly those bearing on human life. Many, not only those within the Catholic communion, turned to the Church for guidance as each new possibility for altering the conditions of human life posed new challenges to long held moral values. Two decades ago, the center of gravity of ethical reflection shifted sharply from theologians and Christian philosophers to more secular thinkers. A confluence of forces was respo...

Foundations and Philosophy of Epistemic Applications of Probability Theory
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 308

Foundations and Philosophy of Epistemic Applications of Probability Theory

Proceedings of an International Research Colloquium held at the University of Western Ontario, 10-13 May 1973.

Methodology, Metaphysics and the History of Science
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 373

Methodology, Metaphysics and the History of Science

This selection of papers that were presented (or nearly so!) to the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science during the seventies fairly re presents some of the most disturbing issues of scientific knowledge in these years. To the distant observer, it may seem that the defense of rational standards, objective reference, methodical self-correction, even the distin guishing of the foolish from the sensible and the truth-seeking from the ideological, has nearly collapsed. In fact, the defense may be seen to have shifted; the knowledge business came under scrutiny decades ago and, indeed, from the time of Francis Bacon and even far earlier, the practicality of the discovery of knowledge w...